Seoul City Hall, only because I thought the post needed a picture.
Seoul City Hall, only because I thought the post needed a picture.
Seoul City Hall, only because I thought the post needed a picture.

I have been generating a fair bit of writing for my upgrading procedure at the Institute of Education that might be useful for those doing research on mobile learning in general or on mobile media practices in the Asian context. The mobile learning bit overall is fairly straightforward with a few recent additions; the mobile media in the Asian context is specific to my PhD but it is fairly illuminating if you are eager to learn more about how hyper-connected Asian communities are using mobile for their media. The trick for me is linking these informal media practices to formal modes of learning in a disciplinary context. I believe it is possible, but the data generated from my PhD will have the final say on that.

I should start off by saying the usual suspects are in here (Sharples, Traxler, et al) for mobile learning, (Kress, Pachler, Bezemer et al) for multimodality, but some of the Asian specific ones should be useful as I am not sure what coverage they have in the larger mobile learning community. Without them, I would still be struggling to find a methodological model to get at my research questions in a Korean context so I am indebted to them, Hjorth being the most notable.

This is a condensed list for my upgrade, but there are many many more in my overall thesis. I thought it best to err on the side of brevity, though, for this post.

Mobile Learning and Mobility

Farman, J. (Ed.). (2013). The Mobile Story: Narrative Practices with Locative Technologies. Routledge.

Farman, J. (2011). Mobile interface theory. Routledge.

Frohberg, D.; Goth, C. & Schwabe, G. (2009). Mobile learning projects- a critical analysis of the state of the art. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 25: 307-331.

Kress, G. & Pachler, N. (Eds) (2007).  Mobile Learning: Towards a Research Agenda (2007). WLE Centre, Occasional Papers in Work-based Learning 1.

Kukulska-Hulme, A., Evans, D. and Traxler, J. (2005), Landscape study in wireless and mobile learning in the post-16 sector. JISC Technology and Standards Watch. Retrieved April 24, 2013 from

Murphie, A., Hjorth, L., Fuller, G., & Buckley, S. (2005). Mobility, New Social Intensities, and the Coordinates of Digital Networks. Fibreculture, 6.

Pachler, N; Seipold, J.; & Bachmair (2012). Mobile Learning: Some Considerations. Retrieved April 10, 2013 from

Park, Y. (2011). A pedagogical framework for mobile learning: Categorizing educational applications of mobile technologies into four types. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 12(2), 78-102.

Sharples, M., Taylor, J., & Vavoula, G. (2007). A theory of learning for the mobile age. In R. Andrews & C. Haythornthwaite (Eds.), The Sage handbook of elearning research (pp.221-47). London: Sage.

Sharples, M. (2006). How can we address the conflicts between personal informal learning and traditional classroom education. In M. Sharples (Ed.), Big issues in mobile learning (pp. 21–24). LSRI, University of Nottingham.

Sharples, M., Corlett, D., & Westmancott, O. (2002). The design and implementation of a mobile learning resource. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing6(3): 220-234.

Turnley, Melinda. “Reterritorialized Flows: Critically Considering Student Agency in Wireless Pedagogies.” Going Wireless: A Critical Exploration of Wireless and Mobile Technologies for Composition Teachers and Researchers. Ed. Amy C. K. Hea. Hampton Press, 2009. 87-105.

Vavoula, G. & Sharples, M. (2009) Meeting the Challenges in Evaluating Mobile Learning: a 3-level Evaluation Framework. International Journal of Mobile and Blended Learning, 1(2): 54-75.

Wali, E. & Winters, N. (2008). Maintaining, changing, and crossing context: an activity theoretic reinterpretation of mobile learning. ALT-J, 16(1): pp. 41-57.


Bezemer, J. & Kress, G. (2008). Writing in Multimodal Texts: A Social Semiotic Account of Designs for Learning. Written Communication, 25: 166.

Bowen, T., & Kinnear, P. When fish look at water: Recognizing we read visual texts. Retrieved September 15, 2013 from

Jewitt, C. (Ed.). (2009). The Routledge handbook of multimodal analysis. London: Routledge.

Johnson-Eilola, J., & Selber, S. A. (2009). The changing shapes of writing: Rhetoric, new media, and composition. Going Wireless: A Critical Exploration of Wireless and Mobile Technologies for Composition Teachers and Researchers, 15-34.

Kress, G. (2003). Literacy in the new media age. London: Routledge.

Van Leeuwen, T. (2003). A multimodal perspective on composition. Framing and perspectivising in discourse, 111, 23.

Asia Specific Mobile Media

Chun, H., Kwak, H., Eom, Y. H., Ahn, Y. Y., Moon, S., & Jeong, H. (2008, October). Comparison of online social relations in volume vs interaction: a case study of Cyworld. In Proceedings of the 8th ACM SIGCOMM conference on Internet measurement (pp. 57-70). ACM.

Goh, D. H. L., Ang, R. P., Chua, A. Y., & Lee, C. S. (2009). Why we share: A study of motivations for mobile media sharing. Active Media Technology (195-206). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Haddon, L., & Kim, S. D. (2007). Mobile phones and web-based social networking-Emerging practices in Korea with Cyworld. Communications Network, 6(1), 5.

Hjorth, L. (2013). Locating the Visual: A Case Study of Gendered Location-Based Services and Camera Phone Practices in Seoul, South Korea. Television & New Media.

Hjorth, L. (2009). Mobile media in the Asia Pacific: gender and the art of being mobile. Taylor & Francis US.

Hjorth, L. (2008). Being Real in the Mobile Reel A Case Study on Convergent Mobile Media as Domesticated New Media in Seoul, South Korea. Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, 14(1), 91-104.

Hjorth, L. (2007). Snapshots of almost contact: the rise of camera phone practices and a case study in Seoul, Korea. Continuum: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies, 21(2), 227-238.

Hjorth, L. (2007). The Game of Being Mobile One Media History of Gaming and Mobile Technologies in Asia-Pacific. Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, 13(4), 369-381.

Hjorth, L., & Kim, H. (2005). Being there and being here: Gendered customising of mobile 3G practices through a case study on Seoul. Convergence Journal, 11(2), 49-55.

Kim, H.S. (2012). Study on the possibility literacy development of social media, using Facebook. Hanyang University Institute of Engineering Education , Learning Sciences Research, 6 (2): 20-38.

Kim, H.S. (2011). Design of a Learning Environment based on Media Ecology. Christian Thought and Culture Institute, Presbyterian College and Theological Seminary, 2011.10: 277-294.

Kim, T.; Cho, J.Y. & Lee, B.G. (2012). Evolution to Smart Learning in Public Education. A Case Study of Korean Public Education.

Kim, Y., Sohn, D., & Choi, S. M. (2011). Cultural difference in motivations for using social network sites: A comparative study of American and Korean college students. Computers in Human Behavior, 27(1), 365-372.

Looi, C. K., Seow, P., Zhang, B., So, H. J., Chen, W., & Wong, L. H. (2010). Leveraging mobile technology for sustainable seamless learning: a research agenda. British Journal of Educational Technology, 41(2): 154-169.

Ok, H. Y. (2011). New Media Practices in Korea. International Journal of Communication, 5: 320-348.

Ok, H. R. (2008). Screens on the Move: Media Convergence and Mobile Culture in Korea. University of Southern California.

By Michael Gallagher

My name is Michael Sean Gallagher. I am a Lecturer in Digital Education at the Centre for Research in Digital Education at the University of Edinburgh. I am Co-Founder and Director of Panoply Digital, a consultancy dedicated to ICT and mobile for development (M4D); we have worked with USAID, GSMA, UN Habitat, Cambridge University and more on education and development projects. I was a researcher on the Near Futures Teaching project, a project that explores how teaching at The University of Edinburgh unfold over the coming decades, as technology, social trends, patterns of mobility, new methods and new media continue to shift what it means to be at university. Previously, I was the Research Associate on the NERC, ESRC, and AHRC Global Challenges Research Fund sponsored GCRF Research for Emergency Aftershock Forecasting (REAR) project. I was an Assistant Professor at Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (한국외국어대학교) in Seoul, Korea. I have also completed a doctorate at University College London (formerly the independent Institute of Education, University of London) on mobile learning in the humanities in Korea.

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